Where Did You Go, Austria?

Where Did You Go, Austria?

In the last few decades, there’s been a lot of noise about the US’s decline as a world superpower. According to a lot of studies, we aren’t really #1 in anything anymore, except for the average cost of healthcare. And while I may not be a political science major, and I tend to look on the bright side of life instead of obsessing about such large-scale issues, I would like to say: yeah, our membership in the Big Important Countries Club might be coming to an end.

For those people who think that such a dramatic decline would be impossible: may I direct your attention to a tiny country in Europe called Austria.

Size Comparison

In my experience, most people don’t think of Austria very quickly when they talk about Europe. It’s fairly small and doesn’t have the international fame of the larger countries like Germany, France, Spain, and the UK; when I told people about my study abroad plans, quite a few people barely knew where Austria was or thought I was going to Australia for a semester.

Even compared to other European countries, Austria is pretty small at 32,000 square miles and a population 8.7 million people; Germany is about 138,000 square miles with 82.6 million people.

For further comparison, my home state of Colorado is 104,000 square miles and has a population of 5.5 million people! The map on the right shows Europe, with Colorado overlaid for a scale comparison.

dissolution_of_austria-hungaryAnd yet, Austria had one of the largest empires in Europe only a century ago. I like numbers a lot, so let me lay some important ones out here: the Habsburg Monarchy, as it was nicknamed, ruled largely uninterrupted from 1521-1918. In the 1800s, when the name “Austrian Empire” was officially used, it had the third largest population out of any empire in the world, after Russia and France, and the second largest geographic empire after Russia.

So what happened? How did one of the largest and most powerful empires in the world shrink to a background country the size of Pennsylvania?

Well, there was that little event called World War I. Even though we mostly study Germany’s involvement and how it led to World War II, it was the assassination of the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian Empire that instigated the war. (For my favorite comedic 2-minute refresher on the causes of WWI, watch this video: Frightful First World War Causes of WW1) As a result, the Treaty of Saint-Germain in 1919 dissolved the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

And in the century since then, Austria has largely faded from the geographic and political scene. It’s often only mentioned in passing–usually in the context of the aforementioned assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Maria Theresa’s reformations in the 17o0s, or The Sound of Music. That’s a far cry from being one of the most powerful and important countries in all of Europe.

Yes, WWI caused an unprecedented amount of political upheaval in a very short amount of time. No, I’m not saying that the US will be dissolved into 50 independent states in a similarly short amount of time. But Austria really did lose that Big Important Countries Club membership card; what’s to say that the US won’t as well?

Amy Eats Weird Food!

Amy Eats Weird Food!

Why, yes. Yes I do eat weird food. It makes life interesting; my motto has long been “I’ll try at least one bite of anything.” (Unless it is still moving. In which case, no. Not going there yet.)

As I have mentioned before, I am an adventurous person both in my travel experiences and in my everyday life. One really easy way to be more adventurous at home is to eat new foods–and I’m not talking about just having a strawberry smoothie instead of a banana one. No, it’s time to be weird!

I am lucky in that living in Colorado, I have easy access to a wide variety of unusual foods: my family grills bison burgers as often as beef, and it’s easy to find elk, venison, and quail at the supermarket. I’ve even had prickly-pear juice and rattlesnake (although just at a restaurant, not at our family friends’ house, where they catch the snakes on their property and then keep them in a cage until dinnertime!).

But traveling or living abroad provides a wonderful variety of weird foods, many of which you can’t find in the US! Here are the five weirdest foods I’ve eaten abroad (in no particular order):

fish-in-a-leafFish in a Leaf: quite simply, I ate fish and plantains out of a banana leaf while visiting the Embera tribe in Panama. This traditional food was cooked over a fire and then served; while not as shocking as some of my other food adventures, the phrase “fish in a leaf!” has become a joking catch-all phrase in my family for unusual or unique food.

squid-on-a-stickSquid on a Stick: thankfully labeled with a small “ready to eat” sign, since I didn’t know how to tell if it was raw or not. I did eat raw fish while in Japan, but in general I prefer my seafood to be cooked. It was a surprisingly great street-food snack! (I had another experience where a raw fish was served at a breakfast buffet, but I thought it was already cooked. This lead to a rather mortifying exchange with the hotel employee trying to explain, at my basic Japanese level, that it needed to be cooked on a small table-top stove and therefore should not be on the same plate as my scrambled eggs. Lesson learned.)

Haggis: made, as I had to confirm before I ate it, of sheep organs, onion, and oatmeal, and traditionally encased in the sheep’s stomach. A lovely description, I know, but it tasted surprisingly… normal. Like any other meat pastry. But with so many more interesting reactions than other pastries ?

ginger-rice“Ginger” Rice: which seemed tasty and neutral, especially compared to my first experience with sashimi (hint: raw fish tastes better if you dip it in the provided sauce instead of just… eating it). Then I looked at my rice bowl a bit more closely, and discovered that the rice was full of tiny fish that still had their eyes. And it is extremely rude in Japan to not eat everything you have been served, so… Yeah, finishing that was a bit tough.

black-puddingBlack Pudding: which you can’t actually make in the US, since it is illegal to buy or sell blood here! Yes, black pudding is made with blood. So is blood sausage, both of which I ate on my recent trip to England and Ireland, and both of which are actually delicious. As was the lamb liver that my black pudding came with. Who knew? ?

Eating weird food is an easy way to be adventurous in my everyday life, plus I’m always finding new things I never would have guessed I enjoy. And even if it doesn’t turn out to be my favorite dish, I always enjoy seeing my friends’ reactions to my culinary forays!

Thoughts Against the “Cultural Appropriation” Craze

I have a question about political correctness, specifically the current cultural appropriation craze. This issue has been bothering me for a long time, so I would appreciate honest feedback and opinions.Amy in Dirndl

In 2013 I studied abroad in Germany. Partway through my program, I told my host family I was interested in buying a dirndl, a traditional Bavarian dress. They were somewhat surprised but happy to take me to several shops and help me try them on.

I absolutely love the history and culture present in clothing like this, as well as the idea that even today you can just go into a shop and buy something with so much tradition. America doesn’t have anything like that. I rarely have a chance to wear my dirndl, but I’m still glad that I bought it because it’s so much fun to have.

So far so good, right? No problems yet?

(If there are, I’m sorry. It’s going to get worse.)

 

Then in 2016 I studied abroad in Japan. One of the program activities was to attend the Gion Matsuri, a huge festival in Kyoto. As a gift, we each received a yukata to wear to the festival and then to take home. This was, without a doubt, one of the highlights of the entire program. I could hardly breathe because of how tight the obi was, and I had to take uncomfortably small steps, but I loved every minute of it. I felt beautiful, and again, there was so much culture and history in the clothing. It was amazing.

The only reactions I received were positive ones. People gave me compliments, loved the way I tried to imitate a traditional hairstyle (even with pretty short hair), and could see how excited I was. Locals kept asking to take pictures of me because foreigners so rarely take part in these festivals, much less properly wearing a yukata.

 

And now let me ask you: WAS THIS ME BEING AN INSENSITIVE RACIST? Was I appropriating Japanese culture? I clearly don’t have a single drop of Japanese blood in my veins. I wasn’t born or raised in Japan. And yet I put on a yukata. I went to a festival in it.

HOW DARE I???

Well, let me tell you.

There is a very important difference between racism and cultural appropriation, and participative celebration of a culture. It’s all about intent: are you trying to make fun of something foreign to you, or are you excited about it and looking to take part in it?

This idea has been COMPLETELY OBSCURED recently. Everywhere I look, people are getting offended, pointing fingers, screaming about the insensitivity of the horrible white people stomping other cultures into the dirt. (It’s usually white people. If you’re going to get mad about something I say in this post, please don’t nitpick that detail. That’s not the point.)

And sometimes that’s true.  Sometimes people are racist, insensitive, wrong.  But—this is the important part—not always. Am I supposed to stay only within the confines of my own ethnic culture, and never explore or celebrate other ones? Me wearing a dirndl is fine, because I am ethnically German. But is the fact that my family only comes from Ireland and Germany supposed to limit me from ever taking part in other cultures?

Here’s another example. Anyone who has met me knows that I braid my hair almost every day, and I have for years. Braids are perfect for everything. You could wear them, say, while performing at a medieval fair. Or to be a classy student representative at the UN, or while hiking on Mt. Vesuvius, or even while touring Kyoto in sweltering summer humidity. I would know, because I’ve done all of those with braided hair—I have photographic evidence!

Gratuitous Selfie Braid Collage

But today, I found out that *gasp* I’m apparently a terrible, terrible person for braiding my hair like that. Because in terms of technique, there’s no difference between a Dutch braid and a cornrow. And I’m not black. Ergo I am not allowed to wear cornrows, ergo I’m not allowed to braid my hair this way, and doing so is an insult to black cultures all over the world. RIGHT???

Amy getting braidsExcept, why can’t I? When I was little and we went on vacations over spring break, one of my favorite things was to get my hair braided into—hold on now— cornrows. I remember sitting on this beach, when I was six years old, while this nice local lady braided my hair as tight as she could. I remember needing to hold my head really still during it, which was hard because it hurt to have my hair pulled so tight. But for a few weeks after that I had a fabulous set of braids, usually with a headband made of beads. I loved them. Nobody ever said that I was being culturally insensitive. So what if my skin isn’t the same color as the lady who did it? Why should that matter? She knew how to do an awesome hairstyle that I liked. My mom didn’t know how, so it was only something I could have when we went on vacation. End of story.

And yet a simple Google search of “cultural appropriation” will pull up an insane number of articles saying that any white person wearing cornrows, or other traditionally non-white hairstyles or clothing, is systematically oppressing ethnic minorities, shaming their cultures, capitalizing on their traditions, etc, etc. I’m not exaggerating here; this is what a 30-second search pulls up:

Headlines

To summarize those “horrible, oppressive crimes”: a girl wore a dress, another girl said she’s changing her musical style yet again, and a third girl wore braids. A woman’s art show was cancelled because her work looked “too indigenous.” A man sold a really expensive jacket. Realize also that those articles were all written in the past 10 days; that’s how much finger-pointing is going on right now.

How far does the mentality of “sorry, this is a club for our ethnicity only” stretch? I guess I’m not allowed to study Japanese either. Or Russian, or French, or Arabic, or Swahili, because I’m just an Irish-German-American girl. Maybe my claim on the German language is too thin as well—after all, I was raised American. How dare I presume to take ANY of those languages for my own use. Maybe that dirndl was going too far, too.

I sincerely hope everyone agrees that’s ridiculous.

We live in an increasingly international, interconnected world. An unavoidable side effect of that is that cultures will start to mix, whether through fashion, food, or language. The only way to NOT experience this would be to build a wall around each country in the world and prevent all contact with the outside, and to also ensure that everyone inside each wall acts only in a way that is deemed purely, acceptably “traditional.”

One country’s doing that right now. It’s called North Korea, and nobody is suggesting that we use them as a model for our own regulation of culture.

The mixing of cultures is something that we should celebrate, not get up in arms about. If I want to wear a yukata, then as long as I’m not using it to mock Japan, that should be fine. Same with braiding my hair or speaking German or adopting whatever aspects of foreign cultures I admire and want to emulate in a respectful, conscious way. That’s what it means to live in a global society.

And if I’m wrong, if everything I’ve said here is horribly offensive and behind the times and I actually need to stay within the confines of my own culture all the time from now on, I guess I’ve got two clothing options:

America

That’s right. Atha-leisure/flannel/baseball cap, or the American flag head-to-toe. Shown here, fittingly, while I was  literally on a ferry to see the Statue of Liberty, although bald eagles posing majestically in the background would be an appropriate accessory as well.

What a fantastic fashion statement that will be.

The Evolution of Travel Photography

Everyone who travels abroad today documents their experiences with cameras. Whether you carry a professional DSLR camera, a tripod, and four extra lenses or rely on a conveniently pocket-sized iPhone, photographs are a universal component of modern travel.

What’s interesting is the way that the subject matter evolves as you become a more experienced traveler. Initially, we focus on pictures of ourselves, visually saying, “Look at me! I’m here!”

Me in Puerto Rico, 2003
Me in Puerto Rico, 2003

As we become more sophisticated travelers, the focus become less egocentric and instead focuses on just the things that we see.  We use our photographs to say, “Look at the cool stuff I saw!”

Costa Rica, 2011
Costa Rica, 2011

Finally, mature photographers focus more on the people that truly reflect the experience of being in a foreign country, striving to capture the foreign experience and convey it to others rather than to simply brag about the trip.

Venetian Locals, 2015
Venetian Locals, 2015

The Importance of Languages

The Importance of Languages

Recently, I have been reflecting on how ingrained languages are in our societies, and how vital they are to connecting emotionally to other people.  It seems odd that relatively few people pursue languages as an essential skill rather than as a luxury or a hobby.  After all, emphasis on languages has far reaching and surprising effects.

The value of speaking a second or third language is obvious for certain career paths, such as international affairs, the travel industry, or any academic research that requires in-depth study of a foreign culture or history.  For example, it makes sense that an anthropologist studying Incan cities in Peru would learn Spanish in order to interact with local experts.

More surprising to many people is how helpful speaking another language can be even if their career field doesn’t particularly require proficiency in multiple languages.  The process of learning a foreign language establishes millions of new neural pathways, making it a mental gymnastics exercise.  Those who speak multiple languages are more capable of approaching problems from new angles, and those who regularly use their skills to translate from one language to another exhibit higher academic performance and self-efficacy.

Interestingly, children who are raised in bilingual households will start speaking later than children raised in monolingual families.  But once they do start speaking, they will be equally fluent in both languages.

But for all of us who were raised only speaking one language, it’s not too late!  Anyone can receive these benefits through dedicated study of a foreign language.  So keep studying other languages; it’s definitely worth it for your brain, even if that language doesn’t currently seem useful in your everyday life!

Global Careers

Global Careers

No matter what major or career I settle on in the long run, I am determined to continue emphasizing multinational work and foreign languages.  I hope to live abroad after I graduate, both on a Fulbright research scholarship to work on my Masters degree and to simply experience life as a local resident in a foreign country.  I am therefore extremely interested in career options that would have either enough flexibility for me to move abroad, or that would have such a vital international component that I could justify such moves as “required for my work.”

In order to adjust to life in new countries, the experiences that Global Engagement provides me with will be vital, from learning foreign languages—something that I am extremely passionate about to begin with—to breaking down cultural barriers, to adapting to life in new places.  Having emphasized these qualities in Global Engagement throughout my college career, I will be far more prepared to live, study, and work abroad than other graduates who are inexperienced with traveling to and learning about other countries and cultures.

Careers today emphasize and require more international work than ever before, although some fields excel in cooperating while others continue to remain focused on competition.  If I remain in aerospace engineering, I hope to work towards a truly international, collaborative space program.  Modern space programs maintain the “us against them” mentality of the Cold War’s space race.  In order to successfully progress into space, we need to move beyond this aggressive model and work together.  In this way, my goals of learning languages and living abroad will mesh extremely well with my career path.

Peter Singer: Maximizing Impact

Peter Singer: Maximizing Impact
Photo by Andrew Wilkinson http://www.wilkinsonmedia.net
Photo by Andrew Wilkinson
http://www.wilkinsonmedia.net

Peter Singer’s arguments raise interesting questions about the intrinsic obligation to help those in need.  On one hand, his anecdotal examples are compelling and memorable, and I do believe in his message that we should not ignore those in need just because they are living in far off countries; on the other, he focuses too much the guilt that the wealthy should feel for having the fortune to be born in a developed, Western nation rather than in poverty.

The graphics he includes in his TED Talk do pack a powerful emotional punch: in particular, the visual representation of how much money is required to raise and train a seeing eye dog versus to provide treatment to cure certain varieties of blindness in developing countries was shocking and impactful.  But Singer’s methodology rigidly focuses on the effectiveness of various charities as the sole measure of whether they deserve donors’ support, ignoring the emotional component of donation.  This narrow-mindedness is both ignorant and unnecessary.

In the case of a person who decides to donate time and money to assisting blind people, Singer argues that donors should only donate to effective charities, since they will then impact the most people.  However, isn’t it enough for a person to feel passionate enough about a cause that they will willingly donate their time and money to it?  If a person chooses not to donate to charities for whatever reason, but is passionate about raising and training seeing eye dogs, why should their contributions be ignored or belittled as being “ineffective”?  Certainly, the $40,000 that Singer cites as necessary to train the dog and the recipient ultimately only had an impact on one person; but that $40,000 was donated nonetheless.  Someone was suffering, and someone else sacrificed their own time and resources to help—just as Singer advocates.

In reality, not everyone is willing or able to donate such a large sum of money or an intensive amount of time; most donations will be relatively small sums of time and money that, when added together, can have a significant impact on the recipients.  In these instances, donating to a charity that will maximize the use of your time and money is a worthy goal.  But for those people who are willing to give up thousands of dollars and years of their lives for a positive cause that they are passionate about, I don’t believe that the by-the-numbers evaluation of effectiveness that Singer prescribes is a viable examination of how we should donate.